应对美国对华经济脱钩 中国正式申请加入CPTPP

2021.09.17 12:46 cloctor 应对美国对华经济脱钩 中国正式申请加入CPTPP

应对美国对华经济脱钩 中国正式申请加入CPTPP
中国商务部16日宣布正式申请加入「跨太平洋伙伴全面进步协定」(CPTPP)。 美联社资料图片
在美国、英国和澳大利亚确立一项歷史性安保协议揭晓的翌日,中国政府周四(16日)宣布,他们已经正式申请加入《全面与进步跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》(CPTPP)。但有报道指出,CPTPP轮任主席国日本对于中国的加入持保留的态度。
据中国商务部官网的一份简短,中国商务部部长王文涛周四向CPTPP的保存方、新西兰贸易与出口增长部长奥康纳(Damien O'Connor)提交了中国正式加入CPTPP的书面信函,两国部长还就有关后续工作进行了沟通。
《全面与进步跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》是一组多边关系的自由贸易协定,旨在促进亚太区的贸易自由化。其创始成员国包括日本、加拿大、澳大利亚、纽西兰、马来西亚、新加坡、越南、汶莱、墨西哥、智利以及秘鲁11国,共覆盖五亿人口。这些国家的生产总额达11万亿美元,约佔全球GDP的13%。
CPTPP的前身为由亚太经合组织的一些成员国2002年发起的《跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》(TPP),但美国前总统特朗普在2017年退出了TPP。其他11个谈判国随后另起炉灶,于2018年达成了一个没有美国参与的CPTPP。
外界普遍认为,TPP是奥巴马政府为抗衡中国而发起创建的。奥巴马曾直言:「不能让中国这样的国家书写全球贸易规则」。
中国一直力推《区域全面经济伙伴关系协定》(RCEP),但就在中国于2020年11月15日正式签署RCEP五天后,习近平在亚太经济合作组织(APEC)峰会上表态说,中国将考虑加入CPTPP。
有分析认为,拜登计划组建「民主国家联盟」,协调盟友一起抗衡中国,因此北京必须提前做出布局和应对,而提出加入CPTPP就是从经济层面应对的一部分。
RCEP涵盖22亿人口、26万亿美元GDP。虽然目前CPTPP的规模仍不如RCEP大,但假设将来中国加入CPTPP,中国有近14亿的人口、近14万亿美元的GDP,加入中国后的CPTPP的规模将不逊于RCEP。再者,RCEP的成员国主要是东亚、东南亚和西太平洋国家,而CPTPP的成员国还包括加拿大、秘鲁等这样的环太平洋国家。加上RCEP包含较多发展水平较低的国家,在服务和投资的开放程度不如CPTPP。而中国认为自己的经济开放力度已经增大,目前最需要解决的是敏感行业的开放,CPTPP显然对中国更加有用。更为关键的是,CPTPP的标准高于世界贸易组织及RCEP,如果中国同时挤身于亚太的这两个重要自贸协议之中,明显对中国融入亚太经济更加有利。
今后,日本政府将面临是否开始进行中国加入CPTPP的谈判手续。日本首相菅义伟曾经表示,2021年将寻求CPTPP的扩充。去年11月,日本经济再生担当大臣西村康稔对当时中方表态加入CPTPP一事做出回应说:尽管日方欢迎各国参与CPTPP,但中国必须好好辨别是否为遵守自由公正的规则做好了准备,因为CPTPP比世界贸易组织(WTO)规则更加严格。
英国于2021年2月正式申请加入CPTPP,已被成员国同意允许启动加入该协定的进程。台湾方面也表示正在积极争取加入。
另外,为了抗衡中共政权在大平洋地区的扩张,美国、英国及澳大利亚在美国时间周三(15日)宣布,三国将建立新的印太安全伙伴关系,名为AUKUS。

RFA 2021-09-17 /责编:方德豪 网编:林咏华
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2021.09.17 12:46 Dtrinnie 🍰Cake Floki BSC 🍰Stealth Launch 🍰Listed On PancakeSwap 🍰 Liquidity locked

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2021.09.17 12:46 Zylver314 [XB1] H: bos jumpsuit W: New mole miner plans

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2021.09.17 12:46 Tessia0710 Where to read Magic Love Ring - Chapter 67 online for free!!

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2021.09.17 12:46 natylil Somebody commented on Bdong's last post (her photo in a white dress and "bride" purse). Will she realise what it is about and delete it? Let the countdown begin!

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2021.09.17 12:46 Adipay Does Raiden's E buff the damage of her own Burst?

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2021.09.17 12:46 phar0aht Saliba and Guendouzi combine in build up

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2021.09.17 12:46 bluethecoloris Denmark to outlaw life sentence prisoners starting new romances

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2021.09.17 12:46 bluethecoloris Far-right groups tell supporters planned Washington rally is a government ‘trap’

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2021.09.17 12:46 wholelottahate19 As Great as Andre 3k is, people have to start giving Big Boi the he deserves

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2021.09.17 12:46 Slim_Pickens_Son Jerry Cantrell Les Paul is AWESOME

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2021.09.17 12:46 SUCK_MY_COCK_BITCH_ Do y'all like pork rinds?

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2021.09.17 12:46 bluethecoloris Will Morrison’s new Aukus friends pressure him on the real threat of climate crisis?

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2021.09.17 12:46 BM-WB-OOK BimBamBoom - BIM BAM BUM ( Rocket Punch cover )

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2021.09.17 12:46 furyfornow I need some help with saves

I recently made the switch from Xbox 1 to series x and a very important world doesn't load on my new one it says it's corrupted but I switched the hard drive that I have minecraft stored on back to my old Xbox and the world loaded I saved and tried to load it on the series x after I switched the hard drive back and it said corrupted again. What can I do to transfer this world onbetween them, all my others load fine.
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2021.09.17 12:46 etherfelix so much for an “upgrade”

my Xbox series s refuses to play any movie i buy i guess. doesn’t seem to matter the app, i just get a flashing screen.
i only upgraded because my launch edition Xbox one died, but it appears that ill be enroute to a repair shop within the next week to replace what I lost. 8 years of “progress” yet can’t do tasks a launch edition console nearly a decade old could do with absolutely no issue.
any fix y’all have found? using a roku tv.
it also still flashes after exiting whatever media app until a complete shutdown and start up.
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2021.09.17 12:46 TomorrowOk3755 Anybody smoke cigars as a dialysis patient?

Considering smoking cigars as a dialysis patient. Need something to relieve stress from work. Only problem is that I do biweekly labwork and have heard that doctors can determine from lab results if someone was smoking or not. That woudl affect my eligibility for being on the transplant list fornbeing noncompliant.
What are your thoughts?
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2021.09.17 12:46 Whole-Calendar-4942 Please somebody give me Pixar look eye blend or obj file.🙏🙏🙏

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2021.09.17 12:46 georgeharrygh More vapers in the UK as smoking rates fall

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2021.09.17 12:46 Tessia0710 Where to read Is that a Wisp? - Chapter 802: Past Events online for free!!

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2021.09.17 12:46 MrRoyce 3060Ti vs 1080Ti at 3440x1440 100Hz incl. NVENC streaming

I've read dozens of threads on a similar subject (3060Ti vs 1080Ti), but none of them had the same system specs like I do and people asking these questions didn't really care about NVENC or it wasn't their primary concern.
I currently have 1080Ti and was hoping to get 3080 as my next obvious upgrade, but due to cards being either unavailable or costing an arm and a leg, I had to start thinking about the alternatives. Selling 1080Ti should cover ~60% of the cost of a new card so I find this kind of a deal acceptable in times like these where 3060Ti costs 720€.
I'm looking to pair 3060Ti with Ryzen 5900X, Asus Prime X470-PRO, 32GB DDR4 3200MHz CL16 RAM, 800W+ PSU and 3440x1440 100Hz G-Sync monitor (Omen HP 35"). My primarily use would be gaming and streaming at the same time and unfortunately 1080Ti's NVENC is outdated and doesn't look great in fast moving games such as Forza Horizon 4. I was hoping that improved NVENC which 3060Ti has would significantly improve my streaming quality and my gaming performance wouldn't take a hit at the same time.
So I'm wondering if people think this kind of an upgrade (or rather, a sidegrade) makes sense considering my usage? I'm slightly concerned with 8GB of VRAM, but I can definitely see myself upgrading to another GPU in 2-3 years anyway and I have absolutely no issues gaming at Medium quality settings or going even lower to be around 100 FPS & be able to stream at the same time.
Thank you for reading and hopefully helping me make up my mind whether I should pull the trigger now or continue waiting. Perhaps I've done a poor research and the newer NVENC available in 20 & 30 Series RTX cards is not worth the upgrade in the first place, but it's kinda hard to find others with similar use case to mine (gaming at 3440x1440 and streaming fast moving games). :/
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